Category: slot reviews

The Amulet and the Charm Video Slots Overview

The Amulet and the Charm is a video slot from High 5 Games and features good quality graphics and animations as well as an epic soundtrack playing in the background.  The Amulet and the Charm is a 40 payline slot with 5 reels.  This game can be played on a range of mobile devices as well as PC’s, Tablets, iPad and MacBook.

Symbols

There are 4 characters that make up the main symbols of this game and will have payouts ranging from 400 coins for 5 to 20 coins for 3.  These 4 characters seem to represent the good side and the dark side and there seems to be a battle between the good and evil forces.

There is also a red and blue amulet which will each have a payout of 150 coins for 5, 50 coins for 4 and 5 coins for 3 as well as the playing card symbols, Ace and King, which will each payout 100 coins for 5.  The other 2 symbols featured are a dove and a dragon which each has payouts of 100 coins for 5.

Free Spins Round

The free games logo is the scatter symbol and 3 of these on the reels will activate the bonus feature and players will receive 7 free spins.  The free games logo will only appear on reels 2, 3 and 4. The free spins round will come to an end when there are no more free spins to play with or after a player has played 98 free games.  A different set of reels is used during the free spins round more than what best online pokies Australia has to offer.

The wild symbol is The Amulet and the Charm logo and offers payouts of 1000 coins for 5, 200 coins for 4 and 50 coins for 3.

Scatter Bucks Feature

The scatter bucks feature can be activated if players are playing the maximum amount of paylines and coin value.  Each wild symbol that appears on the reels will show a credit value or will be the wild logo.  If the scatter bucks feature is not activated the wild symbols will be the wild logos.  A wild symbol showing a credit value will be added to the scatter bucks payouts.  The wild symbol showing a credit value can substitute for all of the symbols, except the scatter, to create winning combinations on the paylines.

The following credit values will appear on reel 1 ranging from 25 to 100 credits, reel 2 from 25 to 500 credits, reel 3 and 4 from 25 to 2000 credits and reel 5 from 25 to 10 000 credits.

Game Settings

Players can choose how many paylines to activate by clicking the lines button and they have a choice of 1, 10, 20 or 40 paylines.  The per line button is clicked to select how much to bet on each payline with the minimum being 0.02 and the maximum 2.00.  This will bring the maximum bet to 160.00.

The autoplay feature can be activated allowing players to spin the reels continuously for a certain amount of spins and the spin button will spin the reels one spin at a time.  The feature button will activate or disable the scatter bucks feature.

The Amulet and the Charm video slot is the battle between good and evil and will entertain players with its magical symbols.  The free spins and scatter bucks feature will increase the odds of a good win.

Emperor’s Garden Slot by NextGen Gaming Review

One of the best things about playing Slots online is how much choice you have, but this can be quite daunting as well. The best way to decide what to play is to accept the process of exploring the games as part of the adventure, and to keep as calm and patient as you can.

Start by reading online reviews, and then try out the Slots that seem most appealing. Most games will allow you to play for free as well as for real money, which gives you the chance to see what they’re really like before staking any real cash. You only need to place bets when you are happy with the entertainment and reward factors.

The Emperor’s Garden slot is a popular and well-designed game from the NextGen studio, and offers this no-deposit free play mode of best online pokies Australia. Before you try it in this risk-free way, however, check out the review below to see if it seems right for you.

Artwork and Theme

The Emperor’s Garden Slot is based on classic Japanese culture, and the reels sit in a beautifully wrought carved casing complete with dragons along the top. They reels sit above a koi pond look as if they are made of fine old Japanese paper, and the delicate trees above them are framed by a purple sky. The background music is also evocative of the delicate artwork of Japan.

This delicacy is also seen in the icons that decorate the reels, starting with the lower-value playing card symbols that are done in a typically Eastern font. Higher-value icons include a pagoda, pink lily, the Emperor himself and a statue of a dragon. The overall atmosphere is one of a beautiful and tranquil garden, which makes most players love to spend time on this Slot.

emperor-s-garden-slot-by-nextgen-gaming

Game Basics

The action in the Emperor’s Garden Slot takes place over 5 reels and up to 25 paylines, and the betting range is 0.01 to 50.00 per spin. The Top Jackpot in the base game is an impressive 5000x your total stake, with a theoretical RTP of between 95% and 96%.

While it’s always more fun to get to play the game yourself, you can also activate the Auto Play feature in this game on the days when you are very busy. This keeps the reels turning automatically, so you don’t ever have to miss out on any winning opportunities. As you become more familiar with the game, this feature will be more and more useful.

Special Features

The Wild Symbol in the Emperor’s Garden slot is a beautifully framed picture of what could very well be a royal’s garden. This can be substituted for any regular reel icon to make up winning paylines. It appears on Reels 2 to 4 only, but makes up for this by expanding to fill whatever reel it landed on to really boost your winning opportunities.

The Scatter Symbol is the only one that the Wild can’t stand in for, and consists of 2 exquisite koi fish. When this is seen at least 3 times anywhere on the reels, the Free Spins feature is activated. You’ll get 10 free turns of the reels, and all your wins during this round will be subject to 3x multiplier. You can also retrigger the bonus from within the round by landing more Koi symbols.

To finish a winning round on a really high note, you can choose to activate the Gamble Feature. Here you can increase your payout by correctly guessing the suit or colour of a playing card. If you’re wrong you lose everything, and the inherent risk helps keep the game really exciting.

 

Aztec Slots Slot Review

Aztec Slots slot is a five reel, three row and just nine payline title developed by Games OS.

Themed around the Aztec people who inhabited central Mexico from the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries, Aztec Slots slot and online slots Australia offers players features including a wild symbol, a scatter symbol that triggers a free spins round and a bonus symbol that triggers a bonus game which can reward players with potential big winnings.

Interface

Players will be delighted to know that Aztec Slots slot is customizable. Players are able to adjust the wager amount, thus allowing for complete control over every spin.

Games OS has incorporated nifty buttons below the information box. The buttons clearly labelled Bet One and Bet Max allow players to make quick adjustments to wagered amounts. The Bet Max button allows players to stake the maximum wager the slot offers with one click of a button.

If players have customized their wager amount and would like to return to the default amount, players can click on the Bet One button, resetting the interface to the default-wagering amount.

Aztec Slots Reel Symbols

Enchanting the reels, Aztec Slots slot reel symbols are themed around the Aztec people and their cultural artefacts. Players can expect to see symbols including but not limited to traditional ceramic vases, various plates decorated with unique mask graphics, a traditional embroidered material scarf, bold Aztec statues, ceramic pots and an ancient coin pendant.

Aztec Slots Wild Symbol

The stone statue complete with glistening green eyes, clearly displaying the word Wild in a brilliant green, represents the wild symbol in Aztec Slots slot. The stone statue wild symbol will act as any typical wild within a video slot, substituting for all other symbols in the game apart from the scatter and bonus symbol, allowing for additional winning combinations to be made.

Scatter Symbol And Feature

The tribal Chief symbol, complete with traditional headgear, clearly displaying the word Scatter in a subtly bright green represents the scatter symbol in Aztec Slots slot. Players should keep a keen eye out on the reels for this symbol, as it will trigger the free spins feature of the slot.

If players manage to land four or five tribal Chief scatter symbols anywhere on the reels, the free spins feature of the slot will be triggered at australianslotsonline.net.

Landing four tribal Chief scatter symbols will provide players with three free spins. If players manage to land five tribal Chief scatter symbols on the reels, a whopping thirty free spins will be awarded.

Bonus Symbol And Feature

The Aztec temple symbol, with the word Bonus clearly displayed in green, represents the bonus symbol in Aztec Slots slot.

Players should keep a keen eye out for the temple bonus symbol on the reels, as three or more temple bonus symbols on the reels will trigger The Trail Of Supreme bonus feature of the slot game.

Once The Trail Of Supreme bonus feature has been initiated, players will need to decode Aztec puzzles in a labyrinth, players will need to select from three colourful earthly elements in order to progress through the various levels, of which seven are included.

The further a player progresses within The Trail Of Supreme bonus feature, the bigger the prize awarded at the end of the bonus round.

 

Reviews on Crown Jewels Online from Barcrest

 

Cascading reels have become such a benchmark for slots these days that players will be able to find them available for titles from just about every software developer currently operating. It is a system which can be said to explode wins, obliterating the symbols which go to making profitable combinations, and allowing new ones to fill the space they previously occupied. This is then able to create further wins, and further explosions, and lucky players can look forward to experiencing cascades of wins within one spin.

Gem themes are particularly suited to this system, and Barcrest has combined cascading reels with this premise in Crown Jewels. Their efforts have resulted in an incredibly streamlined; professional; easily-playable game which is able to offer players wins with multiplications of up to ten times on each spin.

Format for Crown Jewels Slots by Barcrest

The gems in Crown Jewels by Barcrest really do seem to sparkle, and it is obvious that some very hard work has been involved in the production of both these images and the tiny animations that allow the flashes of light to create the sparkling effect. There is only one icon that is not a jewel for this slots game, the logo, and it functions as the wild symbol as well. There is a mixed audio available: computer-type noises play while the reels are spinning, and these are followed by hip musical interludes whenever a win occurs. The explosions from the cascading reel feature have a popping sound, and when the reels have finished cascading there is a ping sound, much like a cashier’s till would make.

Crown Jewels real money online pokie has ten winlines, and there is a typical five-reel/three-row setup in place. However, players are able to see the bottoms of the icons on the next row above as well –allowing players to get a hint of the possibilities of a win when the cascading reels feature begins. Players may not adjust the number of winlines, although the stakes are variable, and play can be enjoyed from between 0.01 and 40 for each –allowing for a bet-range of 0.1 through to 400. The autoplay function is also in use, and players may set these to accomplish as many as 25 spins without any interaction required.

Payouts for Crown Jewels Online Slots

When players view the paytable for Crown Jewels online slots and online casino Sri Lanka, it is important to keep in mind that every time a cascade occurs the multiplier for the wins will increase. This means that the amount of coins listed can be increased by anything from two to ten times, and that the number will augment by one each time a cascade occurs which results in a win.

The best-paying icon is that of the logo for Crown Jewels online slots, and it will award the player with 500 coins if five appear on a line –resulting in a potentially enormous 5 000 coin payout on a cascade of 10x. Even four of these will have the player awarded handsomely, since these are worth 150 coins subject to the multiplier in place. The logo is able to stand in for all of the other symbols for the game as well, which means that players will often receive wins across multiple lines if two or more land on the reels.

Many Players Choose To Play Online Slots by Theme

There is a great number of developers of casino slots games slots today. Each of these companies has their own speciality, and each bring exciting innovations to this industry. Slots games have advanced so incredibly fast these days, that there is no bounds in the quality of graphics, special features, and sound tracks. The sheer number of the themes used in the creation of these slots games can be infinite, as nothing is excluded. There are certain themes that do come up from time to time, from every games developer, and this of course depends on what players enjoy the most, and whether players would select online slots by theme.

Early slots games were conventional in their symbols, mostly featuring bells and fruits. These days, slots machines available in online casinos cover almost every theme imaginable. Some players prefer to choose a game based on the features offered, or the size of the jackpots, but many players are drawn to the games that they feel is familiar, or they choose their online slots by theme.

Widely Varying Themes

Some of the themes, like Ancient Egypt, for instance, owe a great deal of its popularity to the production by IGT of their earlier and now well loved slot game, Cleopatra. Aristocrat’s Queen of the Nile is another slot game that paved the way for online developers to produce online slots by theme, and to capitalise on the stories and symbols that players recognise and enjoy in their slots games.

If you like to choose your online slots by theme, you will be able to find a huge selection at any of the major online casinos. Most online casinos allow players to check out the real money online slots Philippines games, new and old ones, and to try them out for free first, before deciding on which one they would en joy playing the most. There are usually numerous choices with each category, and no two games are ever the same. Choosing among the online slots by theme can be done at any online casino, whether you first play the no deposit version, or decide at once to play for real money and take advantage of all the bonuses online casinos offer these days.

Some of the Favourite Themes

There are too many themes that developers use in their slot games to mention all of them, but certainly some of the most popular include Asian themes, Egyptian, Sports and Food themes, the Wild West, animals and Science Fiction. Sports themes can of course vary hugely within that category, and you could find games on soccer and tennis to horse racing or skiing. Some other favourite themes include fairy tales and historical figures, or slots games based on popular books or movies. The leading games developers keep a close eye on what is popular or becoming popular, and often design online slots by theme.

Whether a player enjoys cats, or fancies a trip on a pirate ship, or going on an African safari or wants to join ancient Roman fighters in the circus, there is a game that will suit every player. Whatever the season, whatever the holiday, and for nearly every mood players may be in, they can choose online slots by theme and thoroughly enjoy the experience.

Sevens and Stripes Slots Review

Sevens and Stripes is a classic online slot game developed by Real Time Gaming. RTG was established in Atlanta, Georgia in 1998, giving them almost two decades of experience in casino game creation. Sevens and Stripes is one of this developer’s more simplistic games, playing out over 3 reels and a single payline.

This slot’s design is based on American symbols and patriotism, and its name is a nod towards the stars and stripes of the USA flag. As it is a classic-style slot, the bonus features in Sevens and Stripes have also been kept simple, offering players a progressive jackpot and a top payout of up to 5,000 coins.

Look, Feel and American Design

Sevens and Stripes is a traditional slot game with a unique design. RTG has created the game in the shape of a real land-based slot machine, complete with slot machine buttons, a chrome machine case, and a slot lever. This design is reminiscent of the one-armed bandit slot machines that were especially popular with slots players in the 1980’s.

A red, white and blue US flag forms the backdrop of this slot, and a portion of the screen houses a large pay chart. Players can use this pay chart to find out the payout for each different symbol combination, which will also be displayed electronically below the reels.

Sevens and Stripes Reel Symbols

The symbols on the reels of Sevens and Stripes are classic slots symbols. They include single, triple and double bars, and red, white and blue sevens. The bars have also been designed in red, white and blue to add to the American theme of this RTG slot.

Red sevens are the highest paying symbol in this game. When players land 3 of them on the payline when playing at a maximum bet of 3 coins, they will win a 5,000 coin jackpot. The next highest payout is for white sevens, and landing 3 of these on the payline will award players 600 coins at maximum bet.

Then come blue sevens at 300 coins, and blue triple bars at 120 coins. Even mixed bars will pay out 12 coins when in the right position.

Progressive Jackpot and Top Payouts

The main bonus feature in Sevens and Stripes is its progressive jackpot feature. The jackpot is part of RTG’s online progressive network, and increases in value the more players can even play the real money online slots Pakistan and win. Each portion of a real money bet in Sevens and Stripes will be added to the progressive prize, the value of which is displayed at the top of the game’s screen above the reels.

To trigger the progressive jackpot, players must land a specific symbol combination on the payline while playing at maximum bet. This combination is one red seven, one white seven, and one blue seven on the reels in that order. The game will also pay a top jackpot for that symbol combination if a player was not playing at maximum bet. If played at 2 coins per spin, red, white and blue sevens will pay out 4,800 coins. At a bet of 1 coin per spin, this payout will be 2,400 coins instead.

Shadow Diamond Online Slot Review

Shadow diamond is a glitzy and glamorous online slot from Bally Technologies. The theme of Shadow Diamond is one of wealth and luxury, and the game has been designed to give players a glimpse of city life and the wealth they may win if they choose to play.

The entire slot is encrusted with jewels, and plays out over 5 reels, 4 rows and 40 fixed paylines. The main characters here are male and female characters who have just become engaged. Players will find many of their diamond-studded gifts to each other throughout online slots Singapore.

Look, Feel and Game Graphics

Shadow Diamond is based on valuable gems, and the entire design of the game is focussed on diamonds and wealth. There are diamonds surrounding the game screen and the reels, and above them is a dark city skyline complete with bright lights.

The dark-haired female protagonist is also above the reels, and she is animated to show players a large diamond at regular intervals throughout the game. A suitable sound track and sound effects play whenever a winning combination lands on the reels.

Shadow Diamond Main Reel Symbols

The symbols of Shadow Diamond all relate in some way to the theme. The lower valued symbols in the game are 5 different gems, all in different shades of pink, green, blue, yellow and red. Also on the reels are 5 main symbols, which offer a higher value in winning combinations. These symbols include a watch, a diamond wedding ring, a diamond necklace and the male and female characters who are getting engaged.

The woman and man of the game will both pay out even when only 2 of their symbols appear on a single spin. The woman’s symbol is worth 2.50 for 5 of a kind, and the man’s is worth 2.00 if players can land 5 on an active payline. All of the higher valued reels symbols will also appear stacked on the reels during the game

Stacked Scatters and Wild Symbols

The Shadow Diamond logo acts as a wild symbol. Throughout the game, this wild has the power to substitute all symbols but the scatter in order to create winning symbol combinations.

A large diamond is the scatter symbol in this Bally slot, and it also appears stacked throughout the game. Players must land a full reel of stacked scatter symbols on reels 2, 3 and 4 in order to trigger the Shadow Diamond free spins feature.

Shadow Diamond Free Spins Game

Once a player has landed stacked scatter symbols on reels 2, 3 and 4, the Shadow Diamond free spins game will begin. Before the free spins start to play out, players will be given a choice of the main symbols in the base game.

Whichever symbol they choose will act as a main stacked symbol during the free spins game, which may help to facilitate extra winning combinations. After the symbol is chose, players will receive 7 free spins with which to play. The bonus feature cannot be retriggered.

Spin Smart with a Good Roulette Strategy

Contrary to popular belief, there is no game in the casino that can’t benefit from being approached with a plan. This extends beyond slightly more predictable options like poker to games of pure chance like roulette.

In fact, it’s a quite possible and a very good idea to formulate a comprehensive roulette strategy if you intend to play the game seriously. A very good roulette strategy should enable you to win more frequently, in addition to minimising your losses when you do lose.

And you don’t have to be a seasoned wheel spinner to employ a simlple roulette strategy.

Start by Learning the Rules

It would be very foolish to simply walk up to the roulette table and start placing bets without knowing anything about the rules. Roulette is a simple game once you get the hang of it but there are certain concepts that you need to understand in order to formulate a smart roulette strategy.

It is vital that you thoroughly familiarise yourself with the wheel and table layout, house edges, table minimums, and so forth, before you move beyond friendly bets. You will also need a roulette strategy that is adaptable to the four different types of roulette – American, French, European and Atlantic City – as their house edges, game play and rules differ.

The great thing about internet casinos is that you can use them to practise your roulette strategy for free until you’re ready to play for real money. Another advantage of playing online roulette Australia is that internet gaming sites offer all the different types of roulette in one place, whereas offline casinos that offer different roulette variations are usually time zones apart.

Apply Certain Basic Principles

There’s no need to start out with anything too complex. All you need to do to create a solid basic roulette strategy is apply a few essential principles:

  • Stick to the table minimum for starters. This will ensure that you take minimal risk and can play for longer while you hone your roulette strategy. Double-zero American wheels generally offer lower table minimums than their single-zero European cousins.
  • Monitor the house edge. Once you’ve been playing for a while, you should expand your roulette strategy to incorporate the lowest possible house edge. This will likely mean moving up to higher table minimums, as European wheels have lower house edges, but it will certainly be worth it since your odds of beating the house will become considerably stronger.
  • Be on the lookout for French roulette. In addition to its single-zero European wheel, French roulette has another feature that further diminishes the house’s edge. This is called the en prison or half-back rule, which allows you to possibly win back half or all of your bet if the ball lands on zero. Your French roulette strategy will thus be a little more intricate.

Familiarise Yourself with Betting Systems

Once you’ve got the basics down pat, you can take your roulette strategy to the next level by trying out a betting system. There are plenty of roulette betting systems for you to choose from but they generally fall into one or a combination of the following three categories: predictive betting, progressive betting, and zone-based betting.

Never Forget the Element of Luck

Just as much as it’s silly to have no plan whatsoever when you play roulette, it is equally foolhardy to think that a roulette strategy makes you invincible. Roulette remains a game of chance so the best roulette strategy is founded on careful, calculated risk.

Get the Best of the Best at Microgaming Casinos

Experienced online casino gamers know that not all games are created equal; casino game development is an art form and only some become masters while the rest remain mere doodlers. And all seasoned players agree that the greatest master of them all is Microgaming, which is why it is rated as the world’s Number 1 online casino software developer.

Since Microgaming created the first completely online casino over 20 years ago, their games have become staples in the game suites of all leading internet gambling houses. So the best online casinos are Microgaming casinos, which provide at least 300 and as many as 700+ premier Microgaming titles for players to enjoy.

Enjoy Game Compatibility across Multiple Devices

A major reason why Microgaming casinos choose to source their games from this developer is compatibility. So, when you play at Microgaming casinos, it doesn’t matter whether your PC or tablet is running on iOS, Windows, Linux or anything else, you can download games that are fully compatible with your device. The same applies to smartphones – mobile Microgaming casinos offer 100s of games for your Android, iOS or Windows Mobile operating system.

Experience Matchless Microgaming Casinos Quality

Microgaming casinos prioritise quality above all else. The games that they provide are carefully crafted by the best minds in the business to make optimal use of your interface using state-of-the-art gaming technology. Prepare to have your mind blown by stunning audio-visual effects and seamless game play every time you choose Microgaming casinos.

Choose between over 700 Amazing Titles

There’s no need for Microgaming casinos to compromise on quantity in order to provide the best quality games on the Web. Amongst the over-700 games, with more than 1 200 variants, available via Microgaming casinos are: Avalon II, which has been hailed as the most realistic 3D slot game ever developed, as well as Thunderstruck and Tomb Raider, both lauded for their pioneering introduction of bonus games, to name but a few.

In addition to these top slots titles and River belle casino, Microgaming casinos present, among others, a wide range of top-class roulette, poker, blackjack, craps and baccarat options to satisfy the tastes and experience of any player.

Win More with Huge Progressive Jackpot Networks

Players at Microgaming casinos also benefit from far larger payouts, owing to Microgaming’s famously enormous progressive jackpot networks. Games like Mega Moolah and Major Millions, for example, have made many an instant millionaire over the years at Microgaming casinos.

Don’t Settle for Imitations

Microgaming games are so popular that there are a number of copy artists out there trying to imitate them. But, as with most things, there is no substitute for original Microgaming software. In order to ensure that you benefit from all the perks of playing with the world’s leading developer, make sure you play at the world’s best Microgaming casinos.

You can find the top Microgaming casinos by consulting internet gaming review websites, which will lead you to the sites that offer the largest selection of Microgaming’s finest creations.

Pistoleras Online Video Slots Review

Presented by the highly respected Microgaming team, Pistoleras is a 5-reel, 3-row Video Slot game with 25 fixed paylines. The coin value range is 0.01 to 1, and up to 10 coins can be bet on each payline. The RTP on the game is about 96% and it offers a top Jackpot of 100x whatever was originally bet.

Settings and Controls

There are a few ways to play Pistoleras and a few adjustments that can be made, allowing players to customize their experiences. Firstly, players can choose to download and install the game or to visit it directly through a web browser. Like all Microgaming Slots it can be played for real money slots Canada or for no deposit, which gives players the chance to get familiar with the game before staking any cash on it. There are also several parameters that can be controlled via the user’s settings including the game sound and speed. Lastly, choosing to enable the AutoPlay mode allows players to keep spinning and potentially winning as they carry on with other activities or games.

Look and Feel

The word pistolero is Spanish, and roughly translated it means armed criminal. Following this, the game has an old Wild West theme. Rather than the usual male heroes of such a motif, the main characters in this Western are women. The 8 standard reel symbols are 3 striking heroines, or Pistoleras, who feature in the introductory sequence as Western Belles in town and looking for trouble, and the playing card symbols for 10, J, Q, K and A, presented in a classic Frontier font and decorated with roses. There is no background to the game, because the reels take up all available space. The background music also evokes old-style adventures in the West, while animations and celebratory sounds accompany wins on the reels.

Special Symbols and Features

The Pistoleras logo is the game’s Wild Symbol. This will substitute for any regular icon on the reels to complete winning patterns, and will multiply any combinations it is part of 3 times. The other 2 Bonus Symbols are both represented by a Pioneer’s Wagon, one that says Scatter and one labelled Free Spins., and are the only symbols that the Wild can’t stand in for.

The Free Spins Round is triggered when 3 or more of the Free Spins Wagons are seen anywhere on the reels. When 3, 4 or 5 of these appear, 15, 20 or 25 Free Spins are awarded. These can be retriggered from within the round, and the game’s 3 heroines can also appear stacked on any reel to multiply all wins during this round by 3.

When 3 images of the Scatter Wagon are seen, either in the base game or the Free Spins Round, the Saloon Bonus Feature is triggered. Players are taken to a Shooting Gallery that features 12 Bull’s Eye targets. When selected, each of these reveals one of the Pistoleras or the game logo. Finding 3 matching characters will award a specific prize, while finding a trio of logos will award all 3 cash amounts.